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Yasmin Ali

Urbanism // Design

Research Excellence Showcase @ GSA, 25.10.13 - Architecture, Urbanism and The Public Sphere

October 25th, 2013

 

This year The Glasgow School of Art hosted their first Research Excellence Showcase, which comprised a morning of two parallel sessions of talks from various departments; a networking and Q & A lunch, and organised transport in the afternoon for talks and demonstrations at the Digital Design Studio, currently sited at Pacific Quay.

The backdrop for this open day for interested collaborators is the upcoming Research Excellence Framework audit submission (REF), which supercedes previous RAE assessments, to rate the quality of research provision in higher education facilities every five years.

Under the theme of Architecture, Urbanism and The Public Sphere, there were three talks, from researchers each presenting for around 20 minutes. The session began with Dr. Johnny Rodger outlining some of his research under the title 'Argonautical Serendipity', used as a paradigm to analogise the indeterminate and often fortunate findings of his research. Rodger has an interest in how literary, artistic and creative writings are involved in social, political and spatial formations. He is co-author of the book 'Tartan Pimps' (2009), which first published the 1979 plans for The Scottish Parliament after a 30 year embargo.

Public participation in art was then discussed by Shauna McMullan of the Sculpture & Environmental Art Department, who introduced her recent community engagement project in association with Tramway, 'The Albert Drive Colour Chart'. Albert Drive is a 3 mile residential street in the Southside of Glasgow, named the most culturally diverse street in Scotland. 72 residents and community members, including Nicola Sturgeon MSP were invited to choose a colour of personal significance to add to a chart which was displayed in large scale in Tramway. They were also each given a limited edition print of the chart, numbered with a key denoting colours to individuals. This played with the idea of artwork as a gift with the potential to create connections between the participants.

Urban Design was introduced by Edinburgh-based architect Graeme Massie, winner of the RIBA Open International Design Project 2005 to redesign Bonn Square in Oxford (completed 2009). Massie's practice-based architectural research raised the quality of urban space by working along themes borrowed from Scandinavian influences, such as connecting people to place; the value of craft over industrialised modern architecture and the power of singularity in materials to lend character. The architects worked with an artist to generate a digital abstraction of magnified stone and translate this into a tiled surface combining split-faced and smooth surfaces of different shades to give different tonal qualities. The space was unified through its use of one material which was folded seamlessly over the site topography and adapted to be accessible via a shallow gradient ramp. Subtle patterns in the arrangement of stone demarcate different ownerships of the site. The project was awarded Commendations from the Architectural Review and The Oxford Preservation Trust Environmental Awards (2009).

Weblinks

Glasgow School of Art - here

GSA Research Repository (RADAR) - here

Graeme Massie Architects - here

Research Excellence Framework - here

STICK conference: 'FORM OR FUNCTION?' @ SHBT, 10-4pm, 19.10.2013

October 19th, 2013
STICK conference: 'FORM OR FUNCTION?' @ SHBT, 10-4pm, 19.10.2013

This year, STICK held their annual conference at the Scottish Heritage Building Trust in Riddle's Court, Edinburgh, along the them of Form vs Function in industrial design and engineering, specifically related to its impact on our perceptions of our past, present and future. It was introduced and chaired by Miriam McDonald and John Hume of RCAHMS, and included speakers from Glasgow School of Art, Museums in Glasgow and Edinburgh, and Directors from George Gilbert Associates.

Themes of talks along the dialectics of Form vs Function included academic discourse, museum collections, 3D printing, visual communication, longevity of design and ergonomics. Amongst the presentations those most relevant to architecture specifically included two in the afternoon which related to 3D printing, led by George Gilbert and Kelvin Donaldson, two founding directors of Edinburgh-based George Gilbert Associates and alumni of Edinburgh College of Art.

In 2006, George Gilbert Associates became the first architecture firm in Scotland to invest in in-house 3D printing technology and facilities, and began a two-year Research & Development program to learn the most efficient ways of working with the technology. The models produced allowed them to accurately portray to clients and planners editable prospective designs in physical form. The tactility and sense of scale allowed by the prints made the designs easy to read and comprehend. The 3D prints also fed back into the iterative design process and were used as a design tool to help generate and refine architectural and urban forms.

As well as in-house use, the firm takes specialist commissions from other architects and building design professionals, as well as signature architects like Will Alsop;  in addition to applications by other industries, including gaming and museums. They have produced a 3D model for NMS of Craigellachie Bridge for the 250 year anniversary of Thomas Telford in 2007. This was produced using original engravings as the input for the plot files, and was especially significant as little cultural materials remain of Telford's estate as he did not marry nor have heirs. Rowan Brown of the National Mining Museum of Scotland spoke of the commission in the short talk which followed Gilbert Associates' presentation. The commission was doubly significant in both subject and medium as it represented the prowess of technology in its day as well as forming a record of the result contemporary engineering techniques used in 3D printing.

Other speakers included museum curators from National Museums Scotland and Glagow Museums, and academics and practitioners of design and engineering from Glasgow School of Art. The concluding talk was by Helen Britt from the GSA Textile department, who introduce the Stoddart-Templeton Design Studio + Library project, an archive spanning the company and its subsidiaries history from 1843-2005. This archive of physical material including drawings, samples and source materials has been acquired by GSA in partnership with the University of Glasgow and Glasgow Life. It forms the basis of an upcoming exhibition 'Interwoven Connections' at the Mackintosh Museum opening in early November this year.

All-in-all an interesting day with lively speakers dealing with the broad rhetoric of Form and Function from many original angles. The event was hosted at Scottish Historic Buildings Trust at Riddle's Court, Edinburgh, a beautiful A-listed building currently fundraising for upcoming conservation and development to form the Patrick Geddes Centre for Learning and Innovation.

With Thanks to STICK network.

Weblinks

STICK - here

STICK stands for the Scottish Transport & Industry Collections and Knowledge network, a group of professionals including museum curators, academics, engineers and designers who work together encourage wider engagement with transport and industrial collections across Scotland. It is free to join for interested individuals.

Gilbert Associates 3D websitehere

Stoddart-Templeton Archivehere

Interwoven Connections: The Stoddart-Templeton Design Studio + Library 1843-2005. Mackintosh Museum, The Glasgow School of Art, 167 Renfrew Street, Glasgow G3 6RF, 9th November 2013 – 11th January 2014 (closed 24th December 2013 – 2nd January 2014)

SHBT - here

Online donations being taken for the building conservation campaign and programme at Riddle's Court.

Britain from Above does The Big Draw @ RCAHMS, 10-4pm, 18.10.2013

October 18th, 2013
Britain from Above does The Big Draw @ RCAHMS, 10-4pm, 18.10.2013

This year RCAHMS' Education and Outreach department teamed up with illustrator and designer Mark Kirkham, who runs the blog Edinburgh Sketcher, to host a drawing and information day as part of The Big Draw Campaign, which runs annually at venues throughout the UK, and internationally.

The day was in two parts, with the morning session focussing on an introduction to the Britain from Above project, a historical aerial photography archive by Aerofilms Ltd., of which over 95,000 digitally remastered images taken between 1919-1953, have been scanned and digitised online at the online resource of the same name. The project is run in partnership with English Heritage and RCAHMW, RCAHMS' counterparts in England and Wales.

Aerofilms Ltd. was remarkable as the UK's first commercial aerial photography company, and held specialist stereoscopic equipment at that time not used elsewhere in the UK. As such, their resources and skills were called upon by the military in wartime Britain. In total, their work spans over 1.26 million negatives and 112 million photographs taken over a 75 year period, covering almost every community in the UK at various stages. This provides a resource for understanding the morphology of built and natural environments.

RCAHMS is the acronym for The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland, which has a wealth of resources available to members of the public and professionals alike. The Library and Print Room were introduced in the second half of the morning, with a look at original and reproduced samples of maps, drawings and etchings, posters and books available for reference and photocopying.

In the afternoon, Edinburgh Sketcher Mark was invited to host a three hour sketching tour around the Southside, University campus and Old Town, and led a group of around a dozen adults around some of the Southside's hidden corners, noting details, possible techniques and focusing on the juxtaposition between old and new.

Participants were generously equipped with fine ink pens, pencils, sketch pads and watercolour sets and encouraged to sketch under time pressure and not to be afraid to commit pen to paper. The day concluded with an informal group review of the results and framing of a finished piece for each sketcher apprentice to take home.

Weblinks

Britain from The Air - here

The Big Draw - here

Edinburgh Sketcher - here

RCAHMS - here

The Big Draw runs until 3rd November at various venues.

RCAHMS is open to the public from 930-1700 Tues-Fri, and is sited at John Sinclair House, 16 Bernard Terrace, Edinburgh EH8 9NX.

Film Review: The Human Scale @ CCA, 730-10pm, 11.10.2013

October 12th, 2013
Film Review: The Human Scale @ CCA, 730-10pm, 11.10.2013

In advance of its America premieres this weekend, Take One Action Film festival brought two Scottish screenings of acclaimed documentary  'The Human Scale', to Edinburgh and Glasgow respectively. Preceeding each screening was a guided walk arranged by A+DS around the two cities, and an audience discussion led by David Sim of Gehl Architects and Planning Aid Scotland to discuss some of the issues raised followed the film showings.

The Human Scale begins with portraits of people who appear as global citizens but emerge through the film's narrative to be urban planning officials within their respective cities, each with a perspective on how their respective cities should be designed for growth with people in mind. A piece of documentary film making, the key characters are the cities themselves which are arranged into themed chapters, each of which deals with a specific question relating to key philosophies regards people-centred urban design. Renowned architect and urbanist Jan Gehl and his colleagues feature as key speakers regards their experiences studying, enlivening and replanning cities as diverse as Copenhagen, Siena, Chongqing, New York and Christchurch.

The Human Scale as working terminology pretty much sums up Gehl's approach regards creating places for people to use, enjoy and socialise. As an architect and urban designer with over forty years' experience, he is renowned for his humanistic approach which goes against what was avant-garde at the start of his career, which saw the work of modernist architects and early town planning experiments which were car-centric, encouraged sprawl, monoculture and high-density mass housing.

As well as hearing from Gehl, we meet a few of his colleagues including Scots architect David Sim who gives an engaging account of some of his work masterplanning Christchurch in the wake of its recent devastating earthquake in 2011. Sim led a people-focused public consultation on ideas for the replanning of Christchurch, where citizens were encouraged to give their views openly without being prejudiced to any proposals. The general ideas matched in terms of broad themes Gehl architects' key findings for people-centred design, like the provision of open spaces, cycle lanes, public squares, low-rise, low-density living, and places for play and social activities. Interestingly, capping the storey heights at around 6-7 storeys also has a return for more efficient yields in terms of real estate given the lack of need for reinforced structural support which is necessary for higher buildings. This was a key factor which the public lobbied for after the masterplan visioning was taken over by central government task force part way through its implementation, again highlighting the importance of engaging citizens as state actors within the planning process.

The film has yet to be screened in America and Denmark, but has already featured globally in several film festivals, and attracted nominations and awards such as The Aljazeera International Film Festival Long Film Award, and The Official Selection at the Sydney Film Festival.

running time: 77mins  // English / Danish // production: Final Cut for Real

Screening courtesy of Take One Action Film Festival / CCA Glasgow

Walks in conjuction with A+DS

Film website - here

Take One Action website - here

 

 

A+DS Corporate Strategy Consultation Workshops

October 10th, 2013
A+DS Corporate Strategy Consultation Workshops

On the 9th October I attended the last in a series of Scotland-wide workshops designed to canvas opinion for they way ahead for A+DS' Corporate Strategy for the next three years. The Edinburgh workshop, hosted at their HQ in Bakehouse Close, was well-attended by professionals from architecture and a range of allied disciplines, including landscape architecture, town planning and public art.

Attendees were invited to discuss in small groups the consequence of four key questions related to the remit of A+DS; namely:

  1. What does A+DS do?
  2. What do you value most about the work of A+DS?
  3. What do you value least about the work of A+DS?
  4. What do you think A+DS should add to their work?

The questions prompted lively discussion and debate, including the consequence of A+DS current non-statutory status; its role in procurement; and marketing activities. At the end of the workshop, participants were encouraged to highlight up to ten of the points as key priorities. It emerged that promotion of the added value of design and a role in place-making, including the championing of the design of the mundane were identified as key roles of A+DS on which to focus for the coming three years.

A+DS provides advice and resources for professionals in architecture and its allied professionals, and education programmes for all ages. It has a wide remit covering six themed programmes:

  • Access - related to education;
  • Smarter Places - schools design;
  • Healthier Places - healthcare design;
  • Sust - sustainable design;
  • Urbanism - urban design;
  • Design Forum - design panel reviews

It also now is covered by the recent Scottish Government's Policy Statement, Creating Places, 2013:

“Architecture and Design Scotland is a champion for good architecture, design, placemaking and planning. It works to help deliver Scottish Ministers’ policies and objectives for the built and natural environment for the benefit of the people of Scotland”.

Workshops were held at major cities throughout Scotland, with attendees from each RIAS Chapter of Architects.

If you missed these, or would like to have a more detailed say, you can take part in the online survey for consultation, available until the end of this month, at this link.